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Country status
Figures for 2022. The last execution in Indonesia took place in 2016.

Our partners in the field

ECPM started working in Indonesia in 2008 in relation to the case of Serge Atlaoui, a French citizen sentenced to death. Since 2017, ECPM has been running an in-country project in partnership with KontraS aimed at galvanising advocacy with the national authorities in favour of abolition through the organisation of conferences, round tables and workshops. Training and awareness-raising activities on this issue are also organised, with a focus on young people and the media.

In 2018, ECPM launched its first fact-finding mission on death row in Indonesia. The mission report was published a year later. The delegation visited six prisons and interviewed a dozen people on death row, including foreigners and women. Interviews were also conducted with lawyers, prison administration staff and families of death row prisoners.

The situation of death row prisoners in Indonesia

In Indonesia, people can be sentenced to death for a wide range of crimes. Treason, aggravated murder, air crimes, drug trafficking, corruption, terrorism, child sexual abuse and international crimes. However, since independence, the death penalty has only been applied to four types of crimes: subversion, aggravated murder, terrorism and drug offences. NGOs estimate that more than 70% of all death sentences recorded since 2015 are for drug-related offences. Executions are by firing squad.

Over the last ten years, the number of death sentences has increased considerably, particularly since Indonesia’s “war on drugs”. In this context, the rights of prisoners are not guaranteed: the confidentiality of interviews with lawyers is not always respected and several people sentenced to death were beaten by the police until they confessed to their alleged crimes. According to death row prisoners interviewed during the fact-finding mission “Dehumanized”, their lawyers were not interested in their case and some of them were not in a position to defend them.

Conditions of detention amount to inhuman and cruel treatment. According to the law, those sentenced to death must be sent to Class I prisons. In these facilities, access to cultural, educational and sporting activities, or family visits are not allowed; prisoners are only authorised to walk for one hour a day in front of their cells, in handcuffs and shackles, and to engage in religious activities.

As a result of low budgets for food and health care, prisoners are dependent on their families for additional food or external resources, increasing the hardship faced by those with families living far from the prison or abroad. Many prisoners in Indonesia have been held on death row for decades, in daily fear of execution, which profoundly affects their mental health. Suicide attempts are considered reprehensible behaviour and punished by solitary confinement.

All reports

Human Rights Protection Mechanisms
Summary report on the death penalty for the UPR of Indonesia (2022)
Mar 2023
Abolition process
Indonesia: Report for the 41st session of the working group on the universal periodic review
Oct 2022
Conditions of detention, Overview of the death penalty
Dehumanized: the prison conditions of people sentenced to death in Indonesia
Oct 2022
Abolition process
Indonesia: Report for the 41st session of the working group on the universal periodic review, November 2022
Apr 2022

All tools

Infographics – the death penalty in Indonesia (2022)
Representing Individuals Facing the Death Penalty in Indonesia: A Best Practices Manual for Lawyers
The death penalty in law and in practice in Indonesia
Map – death penalty in Asia 2021
Abolition of the death penalty: A practical guide for NHRIs

All news

Fatia Maulidiyanti: “human rights defenders face a lack of recognition”
01 March 2024
Fatia Maulidiyanti and Haris Azhar, two prominent human rights defenders in Indonesia, are were accused of defamation for discussing a report on mining operations in Papua on Haris's YouTube channel. Human rights organizations are callingcalled on the Indonesian government to end their persecution and protect all human rights activists in…
Meet the winners of the 6th edition of the “Draw me abolition” competition!
16 June 2023
This year, around 500 young people from 10 different countries brought together their artistic talents and militant commitment to draw up the abolitionist posters of the future. From Austria, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, France, Germany, Indonesia, Morocco, Senegal, Tunisia and Uganda, our young artists demonstrated exceptional creativity! Among…
Advocacy, In the field
#ABOLITIONNOWTOUR: A look back on a year of activism around the world
01 December 2022
A year ago, ECPM launched an exceptional mobilisation of the world's youth, aimed at raising awareness among the new generation about the issues at stake in the abolition of the death penalty and to give new impetus to the fight led by the activists from the outset. Six delegations of…
retour conference Indonesie
Editorial / opinion page
Report of National Conference and Media Workshop organised by KontraS
24 November 2021
Urgent Call to Protect Human Rights Defenders in Indonesia
21 September 2021
cover publication
The process of abolishing the death penalty in member states of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
26 November 2020
As the 47th session of the Council of Foreign Ministers organised by the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is being held in Niamey, Niger, on 27 and 28 November 2020, ECPM and Nael Georges publish the study The process of abolishing the death penalty in member states of the Organisation…
In pictures, In the field
The 17th World Day Against the Death Penalty is already over, but the fight for abolition continues
14 October 2019
At the dawn of the 17th World Day Against the Death Penalty, ECPM takes you around the world to campaign together for universal abolition. Under the map, find more details about the events we have supported! Follow the news of the abolition with the hashtag #AbolitionNow! Find out more about…
Editorial / opinion page
PRESS RELEASE – The French citizen Félix Dorfin sentenced to death in Indonesia
24 May 2019
May 20, 2019 ECPM deplores the death sentence imposed on the French citizen Félix Dorfin by an Indonesian court, whereas the initial sentence required by the Prosecutor’s Office was 20 years’ imprisonment and a fine of €620,000. The 35-year-old Frenchman Félix Dorfin, from Béthune (Pas-de-Calais), was sentenced to death for…